Notices to Fish Harvesters

Halibut - 4RST - Gaspe-Lower St. Lawrence - Fixed Gear less than 13,71m - I(t)Q - Association des morutiers traditionnels de la Gaspésie

UPDATE – EASTERN CANADA GEAR MARKING REQUIREMENTS FOR NON TENDED FIXED GEAR FISHERIES, CRAB TRAP FISHERIES AND LOBSTER TRAP FISHERIES 2020-01-31

 January 31, 2020

 

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO) – In December 2019, Fisheries and Oceans Canada communicated the mandatory gear marking requirements for all non-tended fixed gear fisheries, as well as crab trap and lobster trap fisheries, in Eastern Canada starting in 2020.  The Gulf, Maritimes, Newfoundland & Labrador, and Quebec Regions are hereby offering the following guidelines for fish harvesters to appropriately implement the gear marking requirements.

 

For pre-determined colours, see the attached document titled “Gear Marking Eastern Canada - for non-tended fixed gear fisheries – Mandatory Color Scheme”.

 

Interlacing coloured twine within existing rope (Annex 1)

 

The gear marking requirement consisting of interlacing different coloured twine sections within existing rope must be implemented as follows:

  1. A first colour to identify specific Region – to be interlaced on the same segment of rope as the second colour.

  2. A second colour to identify target Species – to be interlaced on the same segment of rope as the first colour.

  3. For lobster and snow crab fisheries only, a third colour to mark different fishing areas must be interlaced. The third colour must be interlaced immediately before or after the segment of rope containing the first two colours. The third colour must not be interlaced within the same segment containing the first and second colour.  

The above coloured twine markings must be permanently interlaced within the rope.

 

Each coloured twine must be a minimum of 15 cm in length when interlaced. 

The use of paint or tape is not an admissible alternative to twine.

When interlacing coloured twine within existing rope, at a minimum, gear marking will be required at the top, middle and bottom of the vertical line (aligned with minimum requirements in the US) or, in a few fisheries, within every 27.4 metres throughout the length of the rope (aligned with existing practice in Gulf and Quebec Regions).

The top, middle and bottom gear marking requirement will be included in all conditions of licence of non-tended fixed gear fisheries, as well as crab trap and lobster trap fisheries, in Eastern Canada.  The option of marking gear within every 27.4 metres will only be included in conditions of licence for fisheries that were subject to mandatory gear marking prior to 2020 only.

 

Top, middle and bottom specification:

The coloured twine markings together represent a sequence. When inserting coloured twine markings at the top, middle and bottom, the rope used to attach a buoy to the fishing gear must have a minimum of three sequences dispersed on the rope in the following manner: 

 

27.4 meters specification

When inserting coloured twine markings within every 27.4 meters of existing rope, the rope used to attach a buoy to the fishing gear must have a minimum of three sequences of markings dispersed on the rope.

 

Additional option – New rope with integrated coloured yarns (Annex 2 & 3)

For the purpose of this option (see picture in Annex 2 for rope components):

Use of a rope with integrated coloured yarns throughout its full length will be permitted, however it will have to comply with the following specific requirements: 

This option will be included in all conditions of licence for non-tended fixed gear fisheries, as well as crab trap and lobster trap fisheries, in Eastern Canada.  

 

If your fishery does not currently have fishing area specific markings, please be mindful that fishing area specific markings may be introduced to fisheries other than snow crab and lobster in the future. This will affect the integrated coloured yarns configuration required in the rope for fisheries that do not currently have fishing area specific markings only.

 

“Tracer” alternative to coloured marking – update

The “tracer” alternative communicated in the December 2019 Notice to fish harvester is still in its developmental stage.  

 

It will not be supported as a gear marking requirement until it can be visible without having to cut into or open the rope to verify compliance with marking requirements.  It will therefore not be part of the conditions of licence in 2020.  Consideration will be given in the future to allow for the use of tracers should the need for external visibility be addressed.

 

Any fish harvesters affected by these latest developments can contact their DFO regional representative at the bottom of this notice.

 

Mandatory Colour Scheme update 

 

Vertical line 

Gear marking requirements are mandatory for all ropes used to attach the fishing gear to a buoy or any other floating apparatus used in the fishery (vertical line).  

 

Gear marking requirements are not mandatory in 2020 for all other rope segments such as the rope from the primary buoy to the secondary buoy, and the rope segments between traps set on a same line.  However, fish harvesters wanting to mark these rope segments may do so at their discretion.

 

Twine size diameter 

There is no twine size requirement for the coloured markings.  However, fish harvesters must ensure that the twine being used is distinguishable as a coloured twine insert.

 

Twine supplier list / availability 

The following list of twine suppliers is provided for guidance only.  It’s not meant to be comprehensive and may be amended. Please also note that each supplier may not have all the colours for Eastern Canada’s gear marking requirements, however this is confirmation that all colours are available through at least one supplier or a combination of suppliers.

 

Suppliers:

- acpgaspesie.com

- atlanticbraids.com

- blyacht.com

- canadacordage.com

- cancord.com

- entship.ca

- fipec.qc.ca

- hampidjan.ca

- knotandrope.com

- lamestpierre.com

- namss.ca

- novabraid.com

- polysteel.ca

- rainbownetrigging.com

- ropeshop.ca 

- spartanmarine.ca

 

Shade colour 

No specific shade has been identified for each colour, with the notable exception that both a blue and a navy blue are used to identify fishing areas in the Mandatory Colour Scheme.  Fish harvesters are asked to stay as close as possible to the colours in the “Gear Marking Eastern Canada - for non-tended fixed gear fisheries, as well as crab trap and lobster trap fisheries, Mandatory Colour Scheme”.

 

Multiple area colour combination clarification 

As with any other part of a fishing gear / equipment, for example a trap, the gear has to align with the requirements of the fishing area in which the licence applies.  The rope requirements should align as well.  The multiple area colour scheme offers a phasing out opportunity at best.  

 

The multiple area colour combination does not apply for:

Fisheries and Oceans Canada will formally announce other management measures to protect North Atlantic Right Whales in February 2020.

 

For additional information

 

Steve Trottier

Regional Senior Advisor, Fisheries Management

Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Quebec Region

 

 

GEAR MARKING EASTERN CANADA

for non-tended fixed gear fisheries, as well as crab trap and lobster trap fisheries

MANDATORY COLOUR SCHEME

 

MANDATORY COLOUR SCHEME (Region and Species colours)

 

 

GLF - blue

MAR - black

NL - red

QC - green

Multi-region fishery 1

Toad crab

X

purple

   

X

purple

X

purple

   

Rock crab

X

Blue*

X

blue

X

blue

X

blue

   

Lobster

X

yellow

X

yellow

X

yellow

X

yellow

   

Whelk

X

white

X

white

X

white

X

white

   

Snow crab

X

orange

X

orange

X

orange

X

orange

X

orange

Gillnet - small pelagic

X

grey

X

grey

X

grey

X

grey

   

Gillnet – groundfish

X

brown

X

brown

X

brown

X

brown

   

Longline

X

pink

X

pink

X

pink

X

pink

   

Squid (trap)

       

X

green

       

Cod (trap/pot)

       

X

red*

       

Shrimp trap

   

X

green

           

Hagfish

   

X

black*

           

Red crab

   

X

red

           

Jonah crab

   

X

purple

           

LFA 41

   

X

2

           

 

*Blue & blue, black & black and/or red & red combination means there should be two distinct strands of the same colour interlaced within the same rope section (one single strand is not acceptable)

 

1 “Multi-region fishery” is specific to instances of inter-regionally managed fisheries, where each Region is wholly responsible for managing their own fleet but they share the exact same fishing area, licence conditions, and so on, as another fleet in another Region.  Each Region issues the same licence conditions to their harvesters.  A common base colour was given to ensure a regional division was not created within a shared industry. 

 

2 Pattern strand is necessary as no other solid colours are available.  The selected fisheries must use a twine that contains a two colour pattern on one of the single strands (yellow/black pattern, red/white pattern).  This is to be used in addition to the Regional colour. See Annex 2 for a pamphlet showing examples of twine colours including a yellow/black patterned strand colour and a red/white pattern strand colour (respectively named “lemon tartan” and “Oh Canada” in pamphlet). 

 

Other: As some fish harvesters use the same gear to fish multiple fisheries (e.g. lobster, rock crab and Jonah crab), there may be a provision for them to have a different colour than others to acknowledge, at a minimum, that it can be from either of those fisheries.  This option will be discussed with relevant harvesters to determine if it will be appropriate to implement.

 

 

EASTERN CANADA COLOUR SCHEME PER FISHING AREA (third colour)

FOR LOBSTER & SNOW CRAB

 

As some of the  interregional snow crab fisheries in the Gulf of St Lawrence already have some colour marking, efforts were made to avoid completely new colour schemes. 

 

The following is the Eastern Canada break down of the colour scheme for lobster and snow crab fishing areas, per Region:

-          the double stacked cells represent the regional colour (top) and species colour (bottom), with the single cell immediately to their right representing the fishing area colour.

 

Additional notes:

-          Areas showing “none” in the single cell means that a third colour is not applied.

-          Some harvesters fish in multiple fishing areas.  Unless otherwise specified, the category “Multipleareaincludes these fish harvesters only.  This was done so twines do not have to be interchanged between fisheries.

 

 

GULF REGION

 

Lobster fishing area colours

 

23

24

25

26A

26B

Multiple areas

blue

red

blue

green

Blue

none

blue

white

blue

black

blue

yellow

yellow

Yellow

Yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

 

Snow Crab fishing area colours

 

12

12E

12F

19

Multiple areas

yellow

none

yellow

yellow

yellow

blue

blue

green

blue

yellow

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

 


 

 

MARITIMES REGION

 

Lobster fishing area colours

 

27

28

29

30

31A

31B

32

black

blue

black

grey

black

brown

black

yellow / black pattern

black

pink

black

purple

black

white

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

 

33

34

35

36

38

Black

orange

black

none

black

green

black

red

black

black

Yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

 

41

multiple areas

black

none

black

yellow

red/white

yellow

 

Snow crab fishing area colours

 

North-ENS

23

24

4x

Multiple areas

black

none

black

green

black

black

black

blue

black

yellow

orange

orange

orange

orange

Orange

 


 

 

NEWFOUNLAND & LABRADOR REGION

 

Lobster fishing area colours

 

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

red

red / white pattern

red

black / white pattern

red

yellow / black pattern

red

orange

red

green

red

black

red

brown

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

 

10

11

12

13A

13B

red

grey

red

none

red

red

red

blue

red

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

 

14A

14B

14C

red

white

red

purple

red

pink

yellow

yellow

yellow

 

Snow crab management area colours

 

2J North

2J South

3A

3B, 3C, 3BC

3D

4

5A

red

navy blue

red

blue

red

black / white pattern

red

yellow / black pattern

red

black / blue pattern

red

yellow / green pattern

red

red / white pattern

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

 

6A

6B

6C, 8A

9A

3LNO < 65'

3NO  > 65'

11E

red

pink / blue pattern

red

red / green pattern

red

orange

red

black

red

purple

red

grey

red

pink

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

 

11W

10A Inner

10A Outer, 10B, 11S

Outside 8 mile

Area 12 inshore

13

red

red

red

brown

red

white

red

yellow

red

green

red

none

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

 

 

QUEBEC REGION

 

Lobster fishing area colours

 

15

16

17

18

19

20A

20B

green

red

green

green

green

black

green

blue

green

brown

green

white

green

grey

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

 

21

22

Multiple areas

green

orange

green

none

green

yellow

yellow

yellow

yellow

 

 

Snow crab fishing area colours

 

12

12A

12B

12C

12E

12F

13

yellow

none

green

green

green

blue

green

pink

yellow

yellow

yellow

blue

green

none

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

 

14

15

16

16A

17

Multiple areas

green

white

green

orange

green

red

green

none

green

black

green

yellow

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

orange

 

 

Toad crab fishing area colour

 

12

yellow

purple

Orange

 
 

 

ANNEX 1

Interlacing coloured twine within existing rope

 

Figure A - Colour combo identifying Region and Species

as per colour scheme this is Quebec (green), snow crab (orange) interlaced on same rope section

 

 

Figure B - Colour combo identifying Region, Species and Fishing Area

Region & species interlaced on same section of rope, Fishing area on subsequent section of rope

as per colour scheme this would be Quebec (green), snow crab (orange), CFA 12A (green)

 

 

 

ANNEX 2

Parts of a rope

  

 

 

 
 

ANNEX 3

New rope with Integrated coloured yarns

 

Colour combo identifying Region, Species and Fishing Area throughout full length of rope:

-          Region & species coloured yarns interlaced on same strand

-          Fishing area coloured yarn interlaced on a subsequent strand

as per colour scheme this would be Maritimes (black), lobster (yellow), LFA 35 (green)